Natural beauty and the enduring nature of wooden furniture never cease to interest us. India is granted a great number of trees that can be turned into timber for furnishings. Each of these varieties has its own unique qualities and features which show up when built into furniture. The demand for solid wooden furniture in Indian homes gives us a variety of wood species to pick from.
While interior design trends regularly change, wooden furniture continues to remain evergreen. Furniture made of wood is durable, long-lasting and requires minimum maintenance, as compared to different materials. Nevertheless, there are several kinds of wood that are used for manufacturing furniture for Indian homes. Consequently, while purchasing furniture, one should understand the advantages and disadvantages of various kinds of wood and the precautions that buyers need to take for its maintenance.
Originally, based on hardness, there are two kinds of wood – hardwood and softwood. Unlike common belief, hardwood is not certainly harder and denser, as opposed to softwood. In plain terms, hardwood grows from flowering trees while softwood grows from conifers. Both kinds of wood are utilized for making furniture.
Indian architecture and interior plans have long been biased to wood for decades now. The various uses of wood make it simple to incorporate into design ideas; durability and timeless nature are influential factors, too. When sourced ethically and manageably, wood is a strong and sustainable system to do your interiors.
Here are a few types of wood available in the Indian business;
Rosewood, also called Shishoo, Tali, Sheesham wood, is generally found in Uttar Pradesh, Mysore, Bengal, Maharashtra, Assam and Orissa. Its ability to resist any variety of polish or coating makes it the wood of preference for living room and master bedroom furniture. It’s a bit more pricey than teak wood but makes up for the expense by being tough and termite-resistant. The final grain pattern in Rose wood makes every part displayed unique!
It is powerful and durable and does not bend or curve in extreme climates. Though designing furniture out of rose wood may be a difficult task, it takes time to polish it very well and can be used to build premium-quality furniture, railway sleepers, etc.
Teak wood is likely the most regularly used wood type in interior designs, not least because it’s available within the country, in the state of Kerala. It’s cost-effective and durable, which makes it ideal for designing essential furniture such as beds, cupboards and cabinets. It’s also one of the more long-lasting types of wood and its natural water-proofing qualities make it ideal for outside use as well.
The most common type of hardwood ranges from bright yellow to deep brown. It is usually found in the central and southern parts of India. It is renowned for its sturdiness, strength and weather resistance, teak is an outstanding choice for outdoor furniture like garden benches and lounge seats. As indoor furniture, it’s not unusual to see beds and wardrobes made out of teak wood type as it does not curve, splinter or rot. It also has a glossy texture and distinct grain.
Oak wood is best recognised for its strength due to its capacity to withstand constant rough use. This kind of wood comes in a mixture of colours, from almost white to deep brown. Therefore it is the most efficient choice of wood for dinner tables or furniture that is used on a regular basis.
This hardwood tree is seen in northeastern India. It is known for its toughness, durability and is extremely resistant to warping and condensation, making it an exceptional choice for furniture like bookshelves and cabinets, apart from outside furniture. It has a very different grain and finishes.
Mahogany wood type is identifiable by its trademark reddish-brown tone. Mahogany has a natural inclination towards polishes, which only makes it more immune to moisture and varying temperatures. Its wood grain and dark colour make mahogany a common choice for doors and indoor furniture like beds or even crockery cabinets.
A reddish-brown tainted hardwood, mahogany is recognised for its distinct grain. It is tough, durable and takes to staining and polishing very well. It is also used widely for fashioning cabinets, dining table sets, nested tables and different kinds of home furniture. One of its several advantages is that it does not bend, swell or recoil and does well underwater too.
Famous for its strength in past years, cedar wood is usually used for crafting outdoor furniture and used generously in wooden wardrobes. Its scent is naturally insect-repellent but smells delightful to humans.
The ingrained cedar oil causes it to be weather-proof and resistant to fungus and any other bacteria. As opposed to other kinds of wood, cedar wood is durable and firm, often compared to oak wood. By default, then, this wood type is low-maintenance and an excellent wood choice for the Indian weather change.
Though pine wood is strong, white pine is said to be soft and crumbles quickly when in contact with the earth. It has a harsh grain and is a heavy type of wood, though not as long-lasting as other types of hardwood. It is also immune to warping and swelling and is perfect for all kinds of furniture, both outdoor and indoor.
Mango Wood is dense and strong hardwood comes with a precisely attractive grain pattern. It is lighter than any other different wood species and is also water-resistant. It is suitably used for doors, living room, windows, and bedroom furniture, kitchen cabinets, nesting tables, entertainment systems and bookshelves. It is developed all over India and is easily obtainable for furniture-making.
Its grain is completely unique as it includes several tones and colours, ranging from light tones like tan to dark brown with traces of light pink or green. This gives mango wood a unique feature in its natural state, without much finishing. Nevertheless, it does need a layer of paint to protect it in the extended run.